Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. There are over 100 different types of arthritis which can cause joint pain; the most common are degenerative, inflammatory, infectious, and metabolic. It is one of the most common diseases, and a leading cause of disability.
There are a large number of factors that can cause arthritic pain, such as prior joint injury, being overweight, working conditions and genetics. In most cases a patient will suffer from joint pain, swelling, stiffness and a limited range of motion in the joint.
A combination of physical examination, blood tests, physical tests and imaging techniques (X-ray, MRI, CT scan) can be used to diagnose arthritis.
Treatment of the condition depends on the severity of the disease and its symptoms, but include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy, and weight loss.