Situational anxiety can be caused by an unfamiliar situation, or changing events (a forthcoming examination, interview, making a presentation, meeting someone new, or crowded spaces). These situations can cause the individual to feel uncomfortable and/or stressed. Some people are affected by events more than others. Situational anxiety is a very individual illness and everyone is affected differently.
People who experience situational anxiety can suffer panic attacks or feelings of extreme anxiety after exposure to a triggering event. The main symptoms of situational anxiety include uncontrollable and extreme anxiety, irritability, headaches, sleeping problems, muscle pain and tension, dizziness, dry mouth and fatigue.
There are a number of tips and tricks which can help those suffering with situational anxiety; an increase in activity levels (such as running, cycling and swimming), avoiding caffeine, breathing exercises, and careful planning. There are also different types of therapy that can help someone to cope with the symptoms and cause of the anxiety (including cognitive behavioural therapy, mindfulness and meditation).
Diagnosis of situational anxiety is made by a GP or psychiatrist and includes a detailed patient interview and completion of a diagnostic questionnaire.